So the ideal city for creativity in general and artistic production in particular would be one that is dense, safe, affordable, and full of face-to-face interactions (the Jane Jacobs ideal city, in other words). On the other hand
The sprawl that demand and in turn is demanded by traffic congestion also wrecks havoc on our competitiveness. A stretched-out, sprawled metropolis, where professors no longer live near universities, where laboratories and high-tch firms can not co-locate, where entrepreneurs and newcomers are forced to the economic periphery, will ose the advantages that come from proximity, density, spontaneity, and face-to-face interaction. (200)Might this be the reason the big cities are known for their art and literature, and not those cities' suburbs? And what cities are the safest, densest, most affordable, and best structured to facilitate a high level of interpersonal interactions? I have little doubt that these are the world's new and/or emerging artistic/literary centers.